Friday, February 22, 2013

Manner of Performing Zikir after Solah (6)

Notes on "Lessons on Congregational Solah" for Wed, till 20th Feb 2013 @ Salsabil after Isya'


(asy-Syatibi quoted): Ibn Rushd (d: 595H – trans.) said in “Sharh Mas-alah al-Utbiyyah”: “The point in that (quote from Malik – trans.) is that to him it is a matter not legitimised in the Deen (Religion/Islam) – that is: Sujud ash-Shukri (Prostration of Gratitude to Allah) – not obligatory nor supererogatory, since the Prophet never instructed that, and never did it [1]and the Muslims never came to a consensus to perform it and the Sharie‘ah Rulings are not legislated except by one of these sources.

He said: And his basis that the Messenger of Allah never did that and not even the Muslims after him, such that if it had ever been performed it would have been narrated: is correct, because it is not appropriate for the Muslims to neglect the narration of a matter of this Sharie‘ah, when they had been commanded to convey (the Message).

He said: This is a fundamental principle from the many principles, and based on it, Zakat is not imposed on vegetables and herbs (of spices) although it is obligatory upon them (these items) due to the general (meaning) of the Prophet’s saying: {For vegetation watered naturally by rain or springs (the Zakat) is one tenth (10% of it’s produce) and which is watered by (manual) irrigation it is half of one tenth (5%)}, because if we take it that they neglected conveying that the Prophet actually took Zakat from these items as a Standing Sunnah, then we are to take (conclude the same) that they did not narrate the Prostration (Sujud) from the Prophet on occassions of expressing gratitude as a Standing Sunnah that there is no Sujud for such occassions.” Then he mentioned the opinion of asy-Syafi‘ie and his commentary on it.

The motive from this question and answer (session of al-Imam Malik mentioned here), is that al-Imam Malik asserted it to be a bid‘ah ( is to be taken as a principle), not the assertion that it is bid‘ah at random (not specifically pertaining to this issue; i.e. Sujud ash-Shukr). [2]


Then he (asy-Syatibi) continued:

“(he argued the points that Shaikh ash-Shuyuukh brought up and among the things he mentioned; if doing du‘a’ after the obligatory prayers is meant as a way to educate the congregation, all the time, although it is a matter outside the Prayer, then to educate them of what is more important of matters in the Solat itself, should also be done too after the Prayers and many other points)…Then this Qa‘idah/principle is uprooted from it’s very roots, because the as-Salaf as-Salih were the foremost people to compete to get the virtues of it, for all the benefits that had been mentioned, for that reason Malik (bin Anas) with regard to it: {Do you think that people of today are more inclined towards good deeds, as compared to those people of the past (the Companions and their disciples)?!} Which indicates the aforementioned principle that is, the very reason or factor to the innovation/introduction (of the newly invented) – is the inclination or drive to perform what is good – and the as-Salaf as-Salih were the most perfect people in that, and yet they did not do/perform it and thus it is a proof that it is not to be done (and it is to be neglected - trans)”[3]


[1] Sujud ash-Shukri is a Sunnah of the Prophet, unfortunately all the narrations did not reached al-Imam Malik. Yet the point al-Imam asy-Syatibi cited this narration from al-Imam Malik is that; the principle which al-Imam Malik held on to i.e. if there is no narration from the Prophet in matters of this Religion, it is not legitimised or not permissible for us to do and performing what has never been narrated is a Bid‘ah. He quoted from al-Imam Malik because Andalusia/Spain, or Granada to be precise, was predominantly occupied by Scholars of the Malikiyah Madzhab. Even Syeikh as-Syuyukh and asy-Syatibi were known as scholars of al-Malikiyah.

[2] al-I‘tisam: 2/269-271 (pdf page: 264-266 – for personal reference)

[3] Ibid: 2/276 (pdf page: 272 – for personal reference)
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