Wednesday, December 25, 2013

Questions about Masbuq & Recitation of Aameen

Question:

Assalammualaikum Ustaz.

Alhamdulillah, I read your article with much interest.

But, I have a few clarifications related to this topic which I hope you can clarify as follows:

1) What about someone who's masbuq and managed only to Rukuk with the Imam? My understanding is that this Rakkat is counted for him even thogh he did not read the Fatehah;

2) If you recite 'Aameen' together with the Imam, he has recited that together with the Angels and his Prayers will be accepted. Does this means that he has to recite the Fatehah and ends it with 'Aameen' together with the Imam?

I hope your clarification will make us a Better Muslim and Perform a Better Ibadah for the sake of His Mardhatillah.

Awaiting for your kind respond.

JazakALlahul Khairan Kathiran.

Regards / Salam,

M. Taufiq H.A. (via email)

Answer:

Wa 'alaikumussalaam wa rahmatullaah,
Bismillaah walhamdulillaah was solaatu was salaamu 'alaa Rasuulillaah wa 'alaa aalihi wa sohbihi wa ba'd,

As for your queries;

1) What about someone who's masbuq and managed only to Rukuk with the Imam? My understanding is that this Rakkat is counted for him even thogh he did not read the Fatehah;

I believe, you must have read "footnote no: 11". Anyway, your understanding is correct and that is the view of the majority of scholars. Though the late Syaikh Ibn Baaz and some other scholars of Saudi like Syaikh Muhammad 'Umar Bazmool and some other scholars other than them, rahimahumullaah, stated their opinion that :
"one who misses his al-fatehah, regardless of whatever reason (since to them the ma'mooms need to recite on his own, even in audible rakaa'ahs - contrary to the conclusion of the article that the more righteous opinion is not to recite behind the imam) is considered as not getting a valid raka'ah"

If you refer to footnote 11: With the exception of a masbuq, who joins the prayer when the imam is doing his ruku‘ or when the imam is about to do his ruku‘, in a timeframe which is impossible for the masbuq to complete the recitation of al-Fatihah – as explained on page 17: 
“According to Ibn Hazm, it is also (almost) a concensus among them, that a person who gets the ruku‘ with his imam, having the time allowance of phrasing the tasbieh in his at ease ruku‘ position, is considered to have got the unit of raka‘ah, even though he missed standing before ruku‘ and listening to the Imam’s recitation of al-Fatihah or recite his al-Fatihah” 
– Maratibul Ijma‘: 25 authored by Ibn Hazm; Abu Muhammad, ‘Aliy bin Ahmad bin Sa‘ied bin Hazm al-Andalusi, al-Qurtubiy al-Yaziedi Maula al-Amier Yazied bin Abi Sufyan bin Harb al-Umawiy. 384H-456H Qurtuba (Cordova-Spain) – His biography as in - al-Fisal fie al-Milal wa al-Ahwa’ wa an-Nihal: 1/5-6


Apart from that, asy-Syaikh al-Albaaniy in Silsilah Sahiehah made a thorough clarification supporting the statement of Ibn Hazm. Based on the hadeets of Abu Bakrah, when once he came late and he quickly initiated his prayer behind the ranks (alone), while the Prophet was doing his ruku', then only in the position of ruku', he moved forward to join in the last saf/rank. The Prophet did not command him to "make-up" that raka'ah which he joined in while the Prophet was in ruku', meaning that the raka'ah is valid - even though he missed totally the standing before ruku' with the Prophet. 

asy-Syaikh then brought many other narrations from other Companions that they also did the same during the Prophet's life and after it. (Silsilah as-Sahiehah: 1/453-461 hadeets no: 229 & 230)


2) If you recite 'Aameen' together with the Imam, he has recited that together with the Angels and his Prayers will be accepted. Does this means that he has to recite the Fatehah and ends it with 'Aameen' together with the Imam? 

No, that is not the case. It is just the ameen. As you can see clearly in this narration (taken from Sifat Solat Nabiy by Syaikh al-Albaaniy). 

He also used to order the congregation to say aameen: When the imaam says,
"Not of those who receive (Your) anger, nor of those who go astray", then say "aameen" [for the angels say "aameen" and the imaam says aameen"] (in another narration: when the imaam says "aameen", say "aameen"), so he whose aameen coincides with the aameen of the angels (in another narration: when one of you says "aameen" in prayer and the angels in the sky say "aameen", and they coincide), his past sins are forgiven

Wallahu a'lam.

I hope your queries are answered. Baarakallahu fiekum.

 
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