Tuesday, February 11, 2014

Understanding the issue of Prohibition of Rolled sleeves in Solat

Questioner:

Assalaamu 'alaykum,

Dear Syeikh, can you please explain in a simple quick explanation, regarding the issue of "the Prohibition of wearing a rolled sleeve while in Prayer as mentioned by Syeikh al-Albaaniy (may Allah have mercy upon him) in his monumental book "Sifat Solat Nabiy". Baarakallaah fiekum.

Answer:

Wa 'alaykumussalaam wa rahmatullaah.

Bismillaah walhamdulillaah, was solaatu was salaam 'alaa Rasuulillaah, wa'alaa aalihi wa sohbihi wa man waalaah,

wa ba'd.

Before I continue, I must clarify that I am not a "Shaikh" as a term one would use for the Knowledgeable Mashayikh.

But I believe, you mean by this word "Syeikh" like how anyone among the common people would call his muslim brother, eg. "ya Syeikh, how you doing?" or what they would use in the West to address the one who is a teacher/preacher of Islamic Knowledge or even teacher of Quranic Recitation as "Syeikh", synonym to our title "Ustaz" among our community. Baarakallaah fiekum.

Since you request a quick and simple explanation, I'll provide you with the "copy" or quote from my notes which I delivered during the Solah Workshops. I hope it will be sufficient and beneficial. Insyaa Allah, ameen.

Hence, these are the seven limbs on which he (sollalLaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) would prostrate: the palms, the knees, the feet, and the forehead and nose - counting the last two as one limb in prostration, as he (sollalLaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said: 
I have been ordered to prostrate (in one narration: we have been ordered to prostrate) on seven bones: on the forehead ..., and he (sollalLaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) indicated by moving his hand [1] around his nose, the hands (in one version: the palms), the knees and the toes, and not to tuck up[2] the garments and hair. [3] 
He also used to say: 
When a slave prostrates, seven limbs prostrate with him: his face, his palms, his knees and his feet. [4]

He (sollalLaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said about a man who was praying with his hair tied[5] behind him: 
His example is surely like that of someone who prays with his hands bound (behind his back). [6]



[1] This movement of the hands was deduced from the grammar of the Arabic text. (Fath al-Bari).

[2] i.e. to accumulate/draw/pull them and prevent them from being scattered. Meaning to gather the garment or hair with the hands for ruku‘ and sujud – an-Nihayah. This prohibition is not only during prayer, the majority of scholars include tucking in the hair and garments before prayer as forbidden as well, as in the narration to be mentioned. 

However, there is no indication that “folding of the sleeves or trousers” is forbidden. Yet we quote here the explanation of the scholars: 

Al-Nawawi said: 
The scholars are unanimously agreed that it is not permissible to pray with one's sleeves or garment rolled up and the like, or with one's hair braided or with one's hair wrapped up beneath the turban and so on. All of that is not permissible according to the consensus of the scholars, and it is makruh in the sense of being discouraged and not proper. If a person prays like that, he has done something wrong but his prayer is valid. End quote. 
Sharh Muslim, 209. The same ruling was mentioned in Fath al-Qadier (1/418) a Hanafi book, Tuhfat al-Muhtaj (2/162) a Shafi‘ie book, Kashshaf al-Qina‘ (1/373) a Hambali book. 

It is supported by the hadeets of Ibn ‘Abbas, according to which he saw ‘Abd-AlLah ibn al-Harits praying with his hair braided at the back. He stood up and untie his braid. When ‘Abd-AlLah had finished praying, he came to Ibn ‘Abbas and said: 
What have you to do with my head? 
He said: I heard the Prophet say: 
“The likeness of such a one is that of a person who prays when he is tied up. 
Narrated by Muslim. 

With regard to the hadeets of Abu Juhayfah who said: 
I saw Bilal bring out an iron-tipped spear and set it up, and the Messenger of Allah came out wearing a suit that was rolled or tucked up. He prayed two rak‘ahs, facing the spear, and I saw people and animals passing in front of the spear. 
NB al-Bukhari (5768) (Bab) Rolling or tucking up one’s garment, and Muslim (no. 503). 

An-Nawawi  said: 
Rolled or tucked up means that it came to mid-calf or thereabouts, as he said in the previous report: It is as if I can see the whiteness of his shins - Sharh Muslim: 4/220-221. 
It may be understood that the Prophet tucked up his garment to show that it is permissible, and that does not contradict its being makruh, because it is possible that the Prophet did some things that are makruh in order to show that they do not reach the level of being haram; rather they are makruh only; therefore that action is not makruh in his case . 

Tashmier (rolling or tucking up) may mean rolling or tucking up the izar (lower garment or waist wrapper) or tsaub (garment) - al-Mawsu‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (12/32). 

Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar concluded
From this it may be understood that the prohibition on tucking up the garment when praying applies to something other than the hem of the garment. It is possible that this happened coincidently or that it was during a journey, which is the situation in which the garment may be rolled up. Fath al-Bari: 10/256.
[3] NB al-Bukhariy and Muslim. See al-Irwa’: (359). 
[4] NB Muslim, Abu ‘Awanah and Ibn Hibban. 
[5] i.e. tied up or plaited or braided. 
[6] NB Muslim, Abu ‘Awanah and Ibn Hibban. Ibn al-Atsier said:
The meaning of this hadeets is that were his hair loose, it would fall touching the ground in sujud, hence the man would be rewarded for the prostration of the hair. However, if the hair is tied, it is as though not prostrating together, for he compared him to someone whose hands are shackled together, and would not touch the ground in sujud. Apparently, this instruction is limited  to men and not applicable for women as ash-Shaukani quoted from Ibn al-‘Arabi.   
 
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