Saturday, April 5, 2014

Ibn Taimiyah and the False Allegations of Ibn Batutah's narration

بسم الله و الحمد لله والصلاة و السلام على رسول الله و على آله و صحابته و من والاه
و بعد

Allegations of Anthropomorphism


Ibn Batootah (d.779H) alleges in his Rihlah (1/110):
"I was in present in Damascus on Friday where he (i.e. Ibn Taymiyyah) was admonishing and reminding the people from the pulpit of the congregational mosque During his speech he said: Indeed Allaah descends to the lowest heaven of the world just as I am descending now. He then descended one step of the pulpit ..."
The falsehood of this claim can be shown from a number of angles:



Firstly: This contradicts the madhhab (way) of'Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah concerning the Sifaat(Attributes) of Allaah -- the Most High - which was the same madhhab as that of the Salafus-Saalih (Pious Predecessors), being built upon the saying of Allaah - the Most High --: 
"There is no likeness unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer." [Soorah ash-Shooraa 42:1 1]
So Allaah's Attribute of am-Nuzool (Descending ) is *affirmed in a manner that befits His Majesty and Perfection, but it is not like the descending of any of His creation. Indeed, throughout his writings concerning Allaah's Sifaat, Ibn Taymiyah ah clearly states the forbiddance of likening Allaah to His creation.

lbn Taymiyyah says in at-Tadmuriyyah (p.20): 
"It is a must to affirm that which Allaah affirms For Himself, whilst negating any likeness to Him with His creation .. Whosoever says: His knowledge is like my knowledge, His Power is like my power, or Love like my love, or Pleasure like my pleasure, or Hand like my hand, or lstawaa (Ascending) like my ascending - then he has resembled and likened Allaah to the creation. Rather, it is a must to affirm (Allaah's Attributes ) without any resemblance, and to negate (what Allaah negates for Himself), without ta'teel (divesting Allaah of any of His affirmed Attributes)."

Ibn Taymiyyah said in Majmoo'ul-Fataawaa (5/262); 
"Whosoever considers the Attributes of Allaah to be like the attributes of the creation -- such that the Istawaa (Ascending) of Allaah is like the ascending of the creation, or His Nuzool (Descending) is like the descending of the creation, or other than that -- then he is a deviated innovator."

Secondly: It is not possible that Ibn Batootah witnessed Ibn Taymiyyah deliver this speech, since Ibn Batootah clearly states in his Rihlah (1/102) that he entered Damascus on the 9th of Ramadhaan in the year 728H. However, Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah was - before, during and after that time - in prison. Ibn Katheer states in al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah (14/135) that Ibn Taymiyyah was imprisoned on the 6th of Sha'baan in the year 728H and remained there until his death on the 20th of Dhul-Qa'dah 728H.

Thirdly. Ibn Taymiyyah - rahimahullaah -- has a separate book concerning the hadeeth of Allah's Descending, entitled. Sharh Hadeethin-Nazool. In it there is no trace whatsoever of the tashbeeh and tamtheel (anthropomorphic beliefs) - that he has falsely been accused of.

Fourthly: Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah did not used to give admonitions to the people from the pulpit, rather he used to sit upon a chair. Al-Haafidh ash-Dhahabee said. 
"And he became very famous and well-known, and he started giving tafseer of the Mighty Book from his memory, on the days of Jumu'ah, sitting upon a chair."

Wallaahu 'alam
 
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