Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Going to the Bathroom - Mentioning the name of Allah (Tamaam al-Minnah)

Continuation from: Useful Points from Fiqh Sunnah Purification


Under the topic of “Going to the Bathroom” [pg. 16 – PDF pg 41]
His statement on point no: 3
[pg. 17; paragraph: 2; – PDF pg 42]



My comment (Shaikh al-Albaaniy): 

The author (Syed Sabiq) hafizhohulLaah is confused when he quoted this hadeets with this wording to be the narration of al-Jama‘ah (“the group”), as it is not in their transmission and not even one of them with the wording: “Bismillah – In the name of Allah” and as a matter of fact, Majduddeen Ibn Taimiyah quoted this hadeets in his al-Muntaqaa as narrated by al-Jama‘ah (“the group”) with this wording:
“When the Messenger of Allah, (upon him be peace) entered the privy he would say: “O Allah… - كان إذا دخل الخلاء قال : اللهم... ”,
then he (Majduddeen ) said:
“According to Sa‘ied bin Mansur’s narration in his Sunan: “he would say: “Bismillah – In the name of Allah, O Allah! I seek refuge in You from male and female noxious beings (devils) – بسم الله ، اللهم إني أعوذ بك من الخبث و الخبائث”

Apparently, the author quoted the hadeets from al-Muntaqaa and while quoting from it, the narration of al-Jama‘ah (“the group”), his focus somewhat distracted to the narration of Sa‘ied bin Mansur which contains the wording: “Bismillah – In the name of Allah, - بسم الله ،” and he mistakenly attributed it to al-Jama‘ah (“the group”) when in actual fact, it isn’t theirs.

The Takhreej for the narration of al-Jama‘ah (“the group”) is given in al-Irwaa’: 51 and Sahih Abi Dawud : 3 and others.

There is another confusion/mistake, that is, the author seems to be very complacent in narrating hadeets with its content (meaning – not the exact wording), he said: “كان إذا أراد أن يدخل... – When the Messenger of Allah entered…” he added the word “أراد ” on his own accord and that is not appropriate in terms of narration.

As for the narration of Sa‘eid with the additional “al-Basmalah”, then it has been narrated by Ibn Abie Shaybah too in his al-Musannaf: 1/41 via the route of Abie Ma‘shar Najieh from ‘Abdillaah bin Abie Talhah from Anas, (with it’s content) similar to the aforesaid narration.

Likewise in the narration of Ibn Abie Hatim in al-‘Ilal: 1/64.

Abu Ma‘shar is a weak narrator and thus this additional word (al-Basmalah) is not accepted.

What is apparent to me is that al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar never discovered this additional wording, as he said in al-Fath:
“al-Ma‘muriy narrated this hadeets via the route of ‘Abdil ‘Aziez bin al-Mukhtaar from ‘Abdil ‘Aziez bin Suhayb – that is from Anas – with a wording that connotes command, he said: إذا دخلتم الخلاء فقولوا بسم الله ، أعوذ بالله من الخبث و الخبائث - when you enter the privy, you are to say: Bismillah – In the name of Allah, I seek refuge in You from male and female noxious beings (devils), and its Isnaad comply to the conditions of (Imam) Muslim and it comes with the additional word of “at-Tasmiyah (i.e. al-Basmalah) and I have not seen it (this addition) except in this narration.”

My comment (Shaikh al-Albaaniy): 
To me it is a Shaadz (peculiar – weak) narration as it opposses all the routes of narration from ‘Abdil ‘Aziez bin Suhayb from Anas in the Two Books of Sahih and others of what we had mentioned earlier.

It has also been narrated in another hadeets from Anas via Qataadah with it’s wording: “هذه الخشوش محتضرة، فإذا دخل أحدكم الخلاء ، فليقل: بسم لله  – These bushes are being attended (by the Devil), so if anyone of you enters the privy, he is to say: Bismillaah” but this is weak, with this wording, some of the narrators were in doubt or uncertain of it’s Sanad and Matan and the truth is, it is from Musnad Zayd bin Arqam in Marfuu‘ form with it’s wording:
إن هذه الخشوش محتضرة، فإذا أتى أحدكم الخلاء ، فليقل: أعوذ بالله من الخبث و الخبائث– These bushes are being attended (by the Devil), so if anyone of you goes to the privy, he is to say: A‘uudzu billaah min al-Khubutsi wa al-Khabaa-its”.
It’s Isnad is Sahih according to the conditions of al-Bukhariy as I’ve explained in “Sahih Sunan Abi Dawud”: no: 4
In conclusion, the mentioning of “Basmalah” i.e. saying “Bismillaah” in this hadeets, from both routes of narration from Anas, if not “Shadz” then it is  “Munkar” (both are rejected narrrations).

However, there has been narrated what prooves the saying of tasmiyah (or basmalah) as legislated upon entering the privy and it is the hadeets of ‘Aliy, in a Marfu form with it’s wording:
ستر ما بين أعين الجن و عورات بني آدم إذا دخل أحدكم الخلاء أن يقول: بسم الله” – “The veil that forms a curtain for the children of Adam from the sight of the Jinns/Demons is when one of you would enter the privy, he says: Bismillaah”
Narrated by at-Tirmidzi (2: 504 – Ahmad Shakir’s publication) and Ibn Maajah (1/127 and 128) and it has been graded “ضعيف – weak” by at-Tirmidzi but al-Mughultoya (Mughlatoy) inclined to classify it as Sahih, as al-Manawiy said and it has a supportive narration (Shahid) from the hadeets of Anas transmitted by at-Tabaraniy via 2 routes from him (Anas), and thus, the hadeets is at least at the grading of “Hasan”. Then I made my Takhreej on this hadeets and I substantiated on it’s routes and clarified on their weaknesses and strength in al-Irwaa’: 50, do read it up.

Do take note as well that there is nothing in these Ahadeets or others indicating “al-Jahr – to say it out loud” as claimed by the author may Allah preserve him, and so, do pay attention to that.
[The Syeikh (rahimahulLaah) alerted this as in the Arabic version, the author (Sayyid Saabiq rahimahulLaah) actually said “الجهر بالتسمية و الإستعاذة – to say aloud the Basmalah and the Isti‘aadzah”]

 
 
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