Wednesday, June 22, 2016

Nuzul al-Quran (First Revelation) was on Laylatul Qadr (the Night of Power/Majesty/Decree) and it WAS NOT 17th Ramadhan

Is Laylatul Qadar (the Night of Decree a.k.a. the Night of Majesty@Night of Power) the very same Night of the First Revelation (Nuzool al-Qur'an)?
How come Nuzool al-Qur'an is being commemorated here in Singapore, on the 17th of Ramadhan? When 17th of Ramadhan is not from the Last Ten Nights of Ramadhan, and we know from the Qur'an that the First Revelation a.k.a Nuzool al-Qur'an was on Laylatul Qadr and Laylatul Qadr is a night among the Last 10 Nights of Ramadhan, so how are we to reconcile these differences?

الحمد لله وحده و صلاته و سلامه على نبينا محمد و آله و صحبه ، و على من تمسك بهديه ، و استقام على طريقته ، إلى يوم الدين .

أما بعد

Indeed, people commemorate the 17th of Ramadhan as Nuzool al-Qur'an. It is a popular notion among the people and most Masjids if not all, hold special observance to commemorate it. Yet many a time, a popular accepted thing/matter is not true or in reality is based on false notions.

We always enjoin our Muslim brothers to seek the truth. Do not justify a matter as the ultimate truth just because it is popular and being followed or practiced by the majority.

If anyone look up for an explanation on this "When is Nuzool al-Qur'an and when is Laylatul Qadr from the Sacred Texts of al-Quran and as-Sunnah and the explanation of the true trustworthy scholars, this difference or rather contradiction would have easily been resolved and the truth prevailed.

Nuzool al-Qur'an as Allah mentions in Soorah al-Qadr and other Soorahs was on Laylatul Qadr:
The Great Imam al-Hafiz al-Mufassir Ibn Katseer (w: 774H rahimahullaah) in his commentary on this Soorah (Soorah al-Qadr) quoted the narration from Ibn 'Abbaas that The Noble Quran was sent down from the Preserved Tablet (al-Lawh al-Mahfoozh) to Baitul 'Izzah on the Earth's Sky on one of the Nights of Ramadhan, i.e. the Night of Majesty/Power and then for 23 years, the Revelation was revealed gradually to the Prophet (sallaalLaahu 'alaihi wa sallam).

However, this narration from Ibn 'Abbaas and the Revelation to Bayt al-'Izzah does not oppose those daleels (proofs) from the Sacred Texts and the Understanding of the Salaf that Jibreel heard the Revelation from Allah directly and conveyed the Word of Allah to the Prophet on every occassion of the gradual Revelation for 23 years. See: Revelation all at once or gradually  and this: Correct reconciliation of The 2 Stages of Revelation (Arabic)

From this, it is clear that al-Quran was first revealed on Laylatul Qadr.

In his explanation on verse 185 Soorah al-Baqarah, in relation to the First Revelation which took place in the blessed Month of Ramadhan, Imam Ibn Katseer (rahimahullaah) cited the narration from Imam Ahmad's transmission: 
"Suhuf Ibrahiem (Scriptures of Abraham) was revealed on the first night of Ramadhan, Taurat (The Torah) on the 6th day of Ramadhan, and Injiel (the Gospel) on the 13th day of Ramadhan and the Noble Quran on the 24th Day of Ramadhan."

The 24th day of Ramadhan and it's night was the night of 25th Ramadhan.
With this narration, combined with all the authentic narrations that Laylatul Qadr falls on one of the Last Ten Nights of Ramadhan, Nuzool al-Qur'an is not on the 17th of Ramadhan and should not be observed with any form of Worship or Commemoration.
In the link below, Lajnah Fatwa Daimah mentioned that there are some very weak narrations, not reliable, which specifically mention the 17th of Ramadhan.

Lajnah Daimah - 17th Ramadhan as Nuzool Quran not true (Arabic) and for the English version

These are the other authentic ahaadeets/narrations mentioning Laylatul Qadar falls on one of the Last Ten Nights of Ramadhan as in the book "Sahih al-Jami' as-Soghier":

1238: "Seek the Night of Majesty (Laylatul Qadar) on the very last night of Ramadhan"
1239: "Seek Laylatul Qadar on the last ten nights of Ramadhan, the odd nights (21, 23, 25, 27 and 29)"
1240: "Seek Laylatul Qadar on the night of 27th"
1242: "Seek Laylatul Qadar on the Last Ten Nights of Ramadhan, but if you are incapable (to strive for the last ten) then the last 7"
1243: "Seek Laylatul Qadar on the Last 9 Nights or Last 7, or Last 5, or last 3 or last Night of Ramadhan,"
1244 and 1245 same as 1243.

In conclusion, the wisdom behind it, that is, when one is uncertain when to get it, one would put in effort and try his luck since it is a very special night, not equivalent but better than a thousand months. Wallahu a'lam.

So the Great Event, the Revelation of the Qur'an for the first Time, Nuzool al-Qur'an was on the Night of 25th of Ramadhan, the Night of Decree, the Night of Laylatul Qadr [that year - when Jibreel came to the Prophet while he was in the Cave of Hiraa' on the Mount of Light (Jabal an-Noor)].
Wallaahu a'lam.

Picture of the morning, after the Night of Laylatul Qadr, which was on the Night of 27th of Ramadhan 1434H (the sun was bright without glaring rays - as mentioned in an authentic narration):

the Overwhelming Congregation in Masjidil Haraam on that Night.

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